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Knights with Lightsabers

"It's Chivalry time again!"

In this episode, a very special guest and I discuss Jedi Knights and how they compare to French and English Knights.



Arms of France, and of the French Royal princes with helms and war-crests, Wapenboek ou Armorial de 1334 a 1372…par GelreHéraut d’Armes. Bibliothèque royale Albert 1 er, MS 15.652 fo 46r. from: Maurice Keen, Chivalry. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005. Image 33.

Arthur bids farewell to his knights setting off on their quest for the Holy Grail c. 1315-1325. British Library Royal 14 E. iii f. 93v.

Beroul. The Romance of Tristan. Translated by Alan S. Fredrick. New York: Penguin Books, 1970.

Cavalry setting light to buildings with flaming torches; a nun protecting her abbey from a soldier, c.1380. British Library 15269 f.178v. from: Martin Dougherty. The Medieval Warrior: Weapons, Technology, and Fighting Techniques AD 1000-1500. Guilford, CT: Amber Books LTD, 2008. 93.

Charlemagne sets out with his army, from the Chanson de Roland. Codex Calixtinus: photo MAS Barcelona C-68746. from: R. W. Barber. The Reign of Chivalry. Woodbridge, Boydell, 2005. 52.

Châtillon, Walter. The Alexandreis: A Twelfth-Century Epic. Translated by David Townsend. United States: Broadview Press, 2006.

De Charny, Geoffroi. A Knights Own Book of Chivalry. Translated by Elspeth Kennedy. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005.

De Joinville, Jean and Geoffrey de Villehardouin. Chronicles of the Crusades. Translated by Caroline Smith. London: Penguin Classics, 2008.

De Pizan, Christine. Book of Deeds of Arms and of Chivalry: By Christine de Pizan ed. Charity Cannon Willard, Sumner Willard. Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania University Press, 1999.

Detail of a Miniature of King Philip giving Alexander the blow of Knighthood. British Library. Harley 4979 f. 14v.


Detail of a miniature of ladies watching knights jousting, in 'Le Duc des vrais amants'. British Library Harley 4431 f. 150.


De Troyes, Chrétien. Perceval: The Story of the Grail. Translated by Burton Raffel. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999.

Drawing of Charlemagne riding with Richard to Aigremore. Wace, Roman de Brut, a verse epitome (begins imperfectly) with continuation to Edward III; La Destruction de Rome; Fierabras. British Library. Egerton 3028 f. 111.

From Harold to Henry I. British Library. Royal 14 B VI Membrane 5.


Knights hang out their banners at their lodgings before a tournament. Bibliothèque Nationale MS 6025 fr. 2692 f.54v-55. from: R. W. Barber, The Reign of Chivalry. Woodbridge, Boydell, 2005. i.

Llull, Raymond. The Book of the Order of Chivalry. Translated by Noel Fallows. Suffolk, England: Boydell Press, 2013.

Manmouth, Geoffrey. The History of the Kings of Britain. Translated by Lewis Thorpe. London: Penguin Books, 1966.

Royal Genealogy. British Library Royal MS 15 E VI fo. 3. from:Heraldry, Pageantry, and Social Display in Medieval England. Edited by Peter Cross and Maurice Keen. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2002. Plate VI.

Richard I lancing Saladin (c 1300-1340). British Library MS 42130. from: Martin Dougherty. The Medieval Warrior: Weapons, Technology, and Fighting Techniques AD 1000-1500. Guilford, CT: Amber Books LTD, 2008. 65.

The Quest for the Holy Grail. Translated by Pauline M. Matarasso. London: Penguin Classics, 1969.

The Song of Roland. Translated by Dorothy L. Sayers. United States: Popular Classics Co, 2014.


Anderson, J. J. “The Three Judgmentsand the Ethos of Chivalry in “Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.” The Chaucer Review 24, no. 4 (Spring 1990): 337-355. Http://

Barber, M. C. "The Social Context of the Templars." Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 34, (1984): 27-46.

Barber, R. W. The Reign of Chivalry. Woodbridge: Boydell, 2005.

Benton, John F. “NostreFranceisn’unttalent de fuir’: The Song of Roland and the Enculturation of a Warrior Class.” In Culture, Power, and Personality in Medieval France. London: The Hambledon Press, 1991. EBook.

Bliese, John R. “Aelred of Rievaulx’s Rhetoric and Morale at the Battle of the Standard, 1138.” Albion: A Quarterly Journal Concerned with British Studies. 20, no. 4 (Winter 1988): 543-556.

  • “When Knightly Courage May Fail: Battle Orations in Medieval Europe.” The Historian 53, no. 3 (March 1991): 489-504. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed April 12, 2016).

Bouchard, Constance Brittain. Strong of Body, Braveand Noble: Chivalry and Society in Medieval France. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998.

Carter, John Marshal. “SportWar, and the Three Orders of Feudal Society: 700-1300.” Military Affairs 49 no. 3, (July 1985): 132-139.

Cross, Peter. “Knighthood, Heraldry, and Social Exclusion in Edwardian England.” In Heraldry, Pageantry and Social Display in Medieval England, edited by Peter Cross and Maurice Keen, 39-68. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2002.

Crouch, David. The English Aristocracy, 1070-1272: A Social Transformation. New Haven: Yale, 2011.

William Marshal: Knighthood, Warand Chivalry, 1147-1219. New York: Routledge, 2013

Cruse, Mark. “Costuming the Past: Heraldry in Illustrations of the ‘Roman d’Alexandre’.” (Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Bodley 264).” Gesta 45 no. 1 (2006): 43-59.

Dougherty, Martin. The Medieval Warrior: Weapons, Technology, and Fighting Techniques AD 1000-1500. Guilford, CT: Amber Books LTD, 2008.

Duby, Georges. The Three Orders of Feudal Society Imagined. Translated by Arthur Goldhammer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980.

Faulkner, Kathryn. “The Transformation of Knighthood in Early Thirteenth-Century England.” The English Historical Review 111 no. 440 (February 1996): 1-23.

France, John. “Hattin Today: A Poisoned Heritage.” Chap. 5 In Hattin: Great Battles. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. Ebook Edition.

Western Warfare in the Age of the Crusades 1000-1300. London: UCLC Press, 1999.

Hanning, R. W. “The Audience as Co-Creator of the First Chivalric Romances.” The Yearbook of English Studies 11 (1981): 1-28.

Hoch, Adrian S. “St. Martin of Tours: His Transformation into a Chivalric Hero and Franciscan Ideal.” Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte 50. (1987): 471-482.

Jones, Robert W. Bloodied Banners: Martial Display on the Medieval Battlefield. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2010.

Kaeuper, Richard W. Chivalry and Violence in Medieval Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999)

— “William Marshal, Lancelot and the Issue of Chivalric Identity.” Essays in Medieval Studies 22 (2005): 1-19.

Keen, Maurice. Chivalry. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005.

MacGregor, James B. "Negotiating Knightly Piety: The Cult of the Warrior-Saints in the West, ca. 1070-ca. 1200." Church History 73, no. 2 (June 2004): 317-

Martin, Carl Grey. "The Cipher of Chivalry: Violence as Courtly Play in the World of Sir Gawain and The Green Knight." The Chaucer Review 43. no. 3, (2009):311- 329.

Painter, Sydney. French Chivalry. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1988.

Prestwich, Michael. “Miles in ArmisStenuus: The Knight at War.” Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 5. (1995): 201-220.\822

Riley-Smith, Johnathan. What Were the Crusades? 4th edition United States: Ignatius Press, 2009.

Scammell, Jean. “The formation of the English Social Structure: Freedom, Knights and Gentry, 1066-1300.” Speculum 68 no. 3 (July 1993): 591-618.

Spiegel, Gabrielle M. “Forging the Past: The Language of Historical Truth in Middle Ages.” The History Teacher 17 no. 2, (Frebruary 1984): 267-283.

Strickland, Matthew. War and Chivalry: The Conduct and Perception of War in England and Normandy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Waugh, Scott L. “Reluctant Knights and Jurors: Respites, Exemptionsand Public Obligations in the Reign of Henry III.” Speculum 58 no. 4 (October 1983): 937-986.

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