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1 - Dragons! Friend and Foe?



"Who doesn't love dragons?"

In this episode, I will be exploring the dragons in medieval romances and how they compare to the dragons in Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim. I will be examining the history of dragons to see how dragons have changed and what that tells us about our culture today.

Sources mentioned in the podcast.

- Bestiary: Being an English Version of the Bodleian Library, Oxford, MS Bodley 764 by Richard Barber

-. Four Romances of England : King Horn, Havelok the Dane, Bevis of Hampton, Athelston by Ronald B Herzman (Author, Editor), Graham Drake (Editor), Eve Salisbury (Editor)

- The Parallel English - Latin Vulgate Bible: With Latin Dictionary References by Saint Jerome (Author), Richard Challoner (Author)

- Tristan with the “Tristran” of Thomas: With the Surviving Fragments of the Tristran of Thomas by Gottfried von Strassburg (Author), A. Hatto (Introduction, Translator)



Full list of sources


Primary

Barber, Richard. Bestiary: Being an English Version of the Bodleian Library, Oxford, MS Bodley 764. New edition. Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1992.

Herzman, Ronald B. Four Romances of England : King Horn, Havelok the Dane, Bevis of Hampton, Athelston. Edited by Graham Drake and Eve Salisbury. A edition. Kalamazoo, Mich: Medieval Institute Publications, 1999.

“Internet History Sourcebooks.” Accessed March 9, 2021. https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/basis/goldenlegend/GL-vol3-george.asp.

Jerome, Saint, and Richard Challoner. The Parallel English - Latin Vulgate Bible: With Latin Dictionary References, n.d.

Lacy, Norris J., and Rupert T. Pickens, eds. Lancelot-Grail: 2. The Story of Merlin: The Old French Arthurian Vulgate and Post-Vulgate in Translation. Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 2010.

Lacy, Norris J., Samuel N. Rosenberg, and Carleton W. Carroll, eds. Lancelot-Grail: 3. Lancelot Part I and II: The Old French Arthurian Vulgate and Post-Vulgate in Translation. Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 2010.

Lacy, Norris J., Samuel N. Rosenberg, and Roberta L. Krueger, eds. Lancelot-Grail: 4. Lancelot Part III and IV: The Old French Arthurian Vulgate and Post-Vulgate in Translation. Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 2010.

Strassburg, Gottfried von, and A. Hatto. Tristan with the “Tristran” of Thomas: With the Surviving Fragments of the Tristran of Thomas. Penguin, 2004.

White, Terence Hanbury. The Book of Beasts : Being a Translation from a Latin Bestiary of the Twelfth Century. New York: Dover Publications, 2010.

“Additional 29433 f. 207.” Text. The British Library. Accessed May 19, 2021. https://www.bl.uk/catalogues/illuminatedmanuscripts/ILLUMIN.ASP?Size=mid&IllID=61231.


Secondary

Elder Scrolls. “Alduin (Skyrim).” Accessed April 1, 2021. https://elderscrolls.fandom.com/wiki/Alduin_(Skyrim).

Ali, Rabia Umar. “Medieval Europe: The Myth of Dark Ages and the Impact of Islam.” Islamic Studies 51, no. 2 (2012): 155–68.

Arnold, Martin. Dragon: Fear and Power. Illustrated edition. London: Reaktion Books, 2018.

Barnard, Mary. “A Dragon Hunt.” The American Scholar 33, no. 3 (1964): 422–27.

Blust, Robert. “The Origin of Dragons.” Anthropos 95, no. 2 (2000): 519–36.

Clifton, Nicole. “Early Modern Readers of the Romance ‘Of Arthour and of Merlin.’” Arthuriana 24, no. 2 (2014): 71–91.

Edwards, Karen. “Milton’s Reformed Animals: An Early Modern Bestiary.” Milton Quarterly 39, no. 3 (2005): 121–31.

Evans, Jonathan. Dragons: A Beautifully Illustrated Quest for the World’s Great Dragon Myths. 1st Edition. New York: Metro Books, 2008.

———. “Semiotics and Traditional Lore: The Medieval Dragon Tradition.” Journal of Folklore Research 22, no. 2/3 (1985): 85–112.

Finlayson, John. “The Marvellous in Middle English Romance.” The Chaucer Review 33, no. 4 (1999): 363–408.

Friar, Stephen, and John Ferguson. Basic Heraldry. London: The Herbert Press, 1999.

Hodges, Kenneth. "Reformed Dragons: "Bevis of Hampton", Sir Thomas Malory's "Le Morte Darthur", and Spenser's "Faerie Queene"." Texas Studies in Literature and Language 54, no. 1 (2012): 110-31. Accessed August 16, 2021. http://www.jstor.org/stable/41349151.

Kelly, Douglas. “Multiple Quests in French Verse Romance: ‘Mervelles de Rigomer’ and ‘Claris et Laris.’” L’Esprit Créateur 9, no. 4 (1969): 257–66.

Ker, W. P. (William Paton). Epic and Romance: Essays on Medieval Literature, 2007. http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/20406.

———. The Dark Ages. C. Scribner’s Sons, 1904.

Lippincott, Louise W. “The Unnatural History of Dragons.” Philadelphia Museum of Art Bulletin 77, no. 334

Liu, Yin. “Middle English Romance as Prototype Genre.” The Chaucer Review 40, no. 4 (2006): 335–53.

Marshall, David W., ed. Mass Market Medieval: Essays on the Middle Ages in Popular Culture. Jefferson, N.C: McFarland, 2007.

McLaughlin, M. L. “Humanist Concepts of Renaissance and Middle Ages in the Tre- and Quattrocento.” Renaissance Studies 2, no. 2 (1988): 131–42.

Milspaw, Yvonne J., and Wesley K. Evans. “Variations on Vampires: Live Action Role Playing, Fantasy and the Revival of Traditional Beliefs.” Western Folklore 69, no. 2 (2010): 211–50.

Mommsen, Theodore E. “Petrarch’s Conception of the ‘Dark Ages.’” Speculum 17, no. 2 (1942): 226–42. https://doi.org/10.2307/2856364.

Nelson, Janet L. “The Dark Ages.” History Workshop Journal, no. 63 (2007): 191–201.

Niles, Doug, and Margaret Weis. Dragons: The Myths, Legends, and Lore. Reprint edition. Avon,

Massachusetts: Adams Media, 2013.

Pugh, Tison, and Angela Jane Weisl. Medievalisms. 1st edition. London: Routledge, 2012.

Simpson, Jacqueline. British Dragons. 2nd Edition. Ware: Wordsworth Editions Ltd, 2001.

———. “Fifty British Dragon Tales: An Analysis.” Folklore 89, no. 1 (1978): 79–93.

Stenton, Frank M. Anglo-Saxon England. 3rd edition. OUP Oxford, 1970.

Stothers, Richard B. “Ancient Scientific Basis of the ‘Great Serpent’ from Historical Evidence.” Isis 95, no. 2 (2004): 220–38. https://doi.org/10.1086/426195.

Unerman, Sandra. “Dragons in Twentieth-Century Fiction.” Folklore 113, no. 1 (2002): 94–101.

Wilson, J. Keith. “Powerful Form and Potent Symbol: The Dragon in Asia.” The Bulletin of the Cleveland Museum of Art 77, no. 8 (1990): 286–323.

Zhao, Qiguang. “Chinese Mythology in the Context of Hydraulic Society.” Asian Folklore Studies 48, no. 2 (1989): 231–46. https://doi.org/10.2307/1177919.



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